the persian empireAppendix The MedoPersian Empire

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The massive MedoPersian Empire is a major empire on the world stage. While the NeoBabylonian Empire consisted of what we call the Fertile Crescent along the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers and the eastern coast of the Mediterranean the MedoPersian Empire extended north to the Black and Caspian Seas, as r east as the Indus River and as r west as part of Asia Minor.

The Persian Empire continued until it was conquered by the Greeks, under Alexander the Great about BC, when it was subsumed into the Greek Empire, which then fell to the Romans Empire about BC.

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According to the kings lists compiled from Herodotus and the Babylonian Chronicle cuneiform lets, Cyaxares reigned BC. He developed the united Median state by bringing together the Iranian tribes and conquering territory. He formed an alliance with NeoBabylonia against the Assyrians, sealed by the marriage of his daughter to Nebuchadnezzar II. The Medes were instrumental, along with Babylon and its allies, for the ll of the Assyrian Empire. Cyaxares was followed by his son Astyages as King of the Medes, reigning from to BC.

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Appendix . The MedoPersian Empireby Dr. Ralph F. Wilson

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As the NeoAssyrian Empire to BC went into decline, vassal states such as Media and Babylon, stopped paying tribute to the Assyrians, and in BC, the Medes and their allies captured the Assyrian capital of Nineveh. Free of Assyrian domination, the Medes grew their empire from their capital in Ecbatana, and extended it from northeastern Iran to the Halys River Kizilirmak River in Asia Minor presentday northcentral Turkey. Media was considered one of four major powers of the ancient Near East, along with Babylonia, Lydia, and Egypt.

During this time the Persians were one of six Iranian tribes that made up the united Median state others included the Medes, Scythians, and Parthians. In BC, Cyrus the Great, King of Persia, rebelled against his grandther, Astyages, King of the Medes, and won a decisive victory over him in BC. After this, the Medes were now subject to their close kin, the Persians, who now ruled over and expanded the MedoPersian Empire. When Cyrus conquered Babylon in BC, the Medes and the Persians took over the territory of NeoBabylonia and ruled over the largest empire so r known in the West.

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