Extenancient persian societyt of Ancient PersiaCyrus the Great, a religious man and adherent of Zoroastrianism, first came to power in Iran by overcoming his inlaws, the Medes c.
Timeline of Major Events in the History of Persia
Since all men were eligible for combat until age , manpower was not an obstacle, although to insure loyalty, the original members of this immortal fighting machine were Persians or Medes.
An Introduction to the Rulers and History of the Persian Empire
The Ancient Persians modern Iran are more miliar to us than the other empire builders of Mesopotamia or the Ancient Near East,the Sumeriansthe Babylonians, andthe Assyrians, not only because the Persians were more recent, but because they were amply described by the Greeks. Just as one man, Alexander of Macedon Alexander the Great, ultimately wore the Persians down quickly in about three years, so the Persian Empire rose to power quickly under the leadership ofCyrus the Great.
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Alexander the Great put an end to the Achaemenid rulers of Persia. His successors ruled the area as theSeleucids, intermarrying with native populations and covering a large, fretful area that soon broke up into isions. The Parthians gradually emerged as the next major Persian power ruling in the area.
We in the West are accustomed to seeing the Persians as the them to a Greek us. There was no Athenian democracy for the Persians, but an absolute monarchy that denied the inidual, common man his say in political life*. The most important part of the Persian army was a seemingly fearless elite fighting group of ,, who were known as The Immortals because when one was killed another would be promoted to take his place.
*Cyrusmay have been welcomed by the Jewsof Babylonia as a liberator and the U.N. in declared a cuneiform cylinder seal of the period that described the treatment of the inhabitants of the liberated Babylonia as the first human rights document.SeeCyrus Charter of Human Rights
B.C. the conquest made easy by many defectors, becoming the first ruler of the Achaemenid Empire the first of the Persian Empires. Cyrus then made peace with the Medes, and cemented the alliance by creating not just Persian, but Median subkings with the Persian titlekhshathrapavanknown as satraps to rule the provinces. He also respected area religions. Cyrus conquered the Lydians, theGreek colonieson the Aegean coast, the Parthians, and Hyrcanians. He conquered Phrygia on the south shore of the Black Sea. Cyrus set up a fortified border along the Jaxartes River in the Steppes, and in B.C., he conquered the Babylonian Empire. He eslished his capital in a cold area, Pasargadae the Greeks called it Persepolis, contrary to the wishes of the Persian aristocracy. He was killed in battle in . The successors of Cyrus conquered Egypt, Thrace, Macedonia, and spread the Persian Empire east to the Indus River.
Gill, N.S. Extent of Ancient Persia. ThoughtCo, Aug. , , m/extentofancientpersia.
Gill, N.S. , August . Extent of Ancient Persia. Retrieved from
The Life, Family, and Accomplishments of Cyrus the Great
Gill, N.S. Extent of Ancient Persia. ThoughtCo. accessed March , .
Who Were the Parthians and What Was the Extent of the Their Empire?
The Sassanids or Sassanians overcame the Parthians after a few hundred years and ruled with almost constant trouble on their eastern borders as well as to the west, where the Romans contested the territory sometimes through to the fertile area of Mesopotamia modern Iraq, until the Muslim Arabs conquered the area.
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The extent of Persia varied, but at its , it extended southwards to the Persian Gulf and Indian Ocean; to the east and northeast, the Indus and Oxus rivers; to the north, the Caspian Sea and Mt. Caucasus; and to the west, the Euphrates River. This territory includes desert, mountains, valleys, and pastures. At the time of the ancient Persian Wars, the Ionian Greeks and Egypt were under Persian dominion.