anthe persian empirecientcivilisationsblog

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The empire was ided into twenty provinces, or satrapies, each ruled by agovernorcalled a satrap. To check the satraps, a secretary and a military official representing the King were installed in every province.

The Persian kings and nobility were Zoroastrians, a religion named after its founder Zoroaster.

Persian rmers also grew a lot of olives and raised cattle, goats and sheep. Hunting and fishing were also an important source of food. Rich Persians also enjoyed hunting wild animals.

The Persians were the first people in history to give men and women equal rights, abolish slavery andwrite thevery first human and animal bill of rights.

We owe a lot today to how we run a country to the Persian empire for it is they who created a workable structure for the empire that we us today. The Persians designed a system with such detail and the system of running the empire consisted of a sustainable system of taxation; a communication network based on good roads and efficient messagecarrying; a single language, Aramaic, used in government documents throughout the empire; and firm control in the armed forces.

The Persian Empire was created by Cyrus II, known as Cyrus the Great BC. Cyrus first defeated another Iranian people called the Medes, then in Cyrus defeated the kingdom of Lydia in what is now Turkey at the battle of Pterya and he became the ruler of most of Asia Minor. Soon afterwards Cyrus also defeated the Greek cities on the Turkish coast. In BC the Persians conquered the rich and powerful citystate of Babylon.

Farming in the Persian empire was difficult. To deal with the arid climate the Persians developed an irrigation system. They built underground canals. These irrigation tunnels were often several kilometres long. They sloped slightly so gravity moved the water.

Persian Empire, one of the most powerful empires of the ancient world, was created through a combination of leadership skills, military tactics, and efficient governance. Persia is the ancient name of Iran and was derived from the Greek word Persis.

A substantial majority of Persian society were free citizens who were not slaves; but did not enjoy the privileges of clan leaders or government bureaucrats. Inside Persian cities, free people were often merchants, craftsmen, and lower ranking government employees. Members of the free societies participated in religious observances at local temples. The temples themselves often owned agricultural and craft industries such as iles, and the local free populace were allowed to share in the temples income.

Several such milies made up the clan. Several clans made up the tribe. The Achaemenids were one clan of the Pasargadae. Intermarriage went on between milies within the same clan. The clan was the basic unit of identification.

The Persian Empire had a variety of religions and worshiped more than one god. One of these religions known as Zoroastrian what its followers claimed was the worlds first monotheistic religion developed on the Iranian plateau, though, based on the teachings of the prophet Zoroaster.

The mily was the basic social unit in Persian society. Fathers had tyrannical authority, treating their children as slaves. Marriage was a formal afir which saw grooms toasted and brides kissed. Children were much sought after as legitimate heirs and hence polygamy was encouraged.

One of the other religions was Christianity. Owing to the toleration of the Parthian Kings, Christianity kept slowly but steadily advancing in various parts of the empire. With the advent of the Sassanian dynasty A.D. , Christianity was often subjected to very severe trials. Its chief opponents were the Zoroastrian Magi and priestly schools, as well as the numerous Jews scattered through the empire.

Slavery was commonplace in Persian society. A substantial number of slaves consisted of prisoners of war captured in military campaigns.

Persian emperors of the th century BC are among the first to make a of lavish floor coverings. Carpets become one of the characteristic artforms ofpeople living on the high plateau of west Asia, from Turkey through Iran, where winters can be extremely cold.

The Persians built an efficientinfrastructureof roads and ports. They bought water to remote areas throughout the empire through the use of qanats, underground irrigation system. Darius the Great, had a canal built to link the Nile to the Red Sea an early version of the Suez Canal.

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The humaneness of the Persian rulers stemmed from the ethical religion founded by the prophet Zoroaster, who lived in the early sixth century B.C. Zoroaster sought to replace what he called the lieritualistic, idolworshiping cults and their priests with a religion centered on the sole god AhuraMazda Wise Lord.

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The worlds first public postal system was invented in the Persian Empire some , years ago.

Owing to the toleration of the Parthian Kings, Christianity kept slowly but steadily advancing in various parts of the empire. With the advent of the Sassanian dynasty, however A.D. , Christianity was often subjected to very severe trials. Its chief opponents were the Zoroastrian Magi and priestly schools, as well as the numerous Jews scattered through the empire.

Despite its brilliance the Persian Empire declined after BC. For one thing the empire suffered from its sheer , which made it difficult to control. The empire suffered a series of rebellions. It also suffered from political insility. Another ruler, Artaxerxes III, was assassinated in BC. Finally the great Persian Empire was destroyed by Alexander the Great in BC.

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The economic foundation of Persian society was agriculture. Because of the vast of the Persian Empire crops from one region were introduced to another. The most commonly grown crops were barley and wheat, but peas, lentils a form of bean mustard, garlic, onions, cucumbers, dates, apples, pomegranates, pears and apricots also were cultivated. The most common beverages were beer and wine. Rice and flax were introduced into Mesopotamia. Sesame was introduced into Egypt.

They also built in s BC the very first stadium, the Apadana. The Apadana was able to seat fifteen thousand people in it, with space left for a grand ceremony. This massive building was roofed and was a great feat of engineering for the time.

Rich Persians lived in palaces of timber, stone and brick. They had comforle upholstered furniture such as beds, couches and chairs. Tables were overlaid with gold, silver and ivory. For the ordinary people in Persia things were quite different. They lived in huts made from mud brick.anthe persian empirecientcivilisationsblog

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